Since the pandemic, Europe has been difficult to navigate. This is due to the fact that countries in the region have different travel rules. What works in one country might not work across borders.
While there are still differences among these countries regarding whether unvaccinated individuals can visit, and if they require a pre-departure screening and if a vaccine card is required to access public spaces or cultural events, there is undeniably unification as EU countries and England relax travel restrictions.
However, the EU has made it clear that boosters are required for all visitors within the region after 9 months (270 day) of the last shot in the first phase.
Here is the list of EU vaccination, testing, and quarantine requirements for March 2022. These were the EU countries with the highest number of international arrivals in 2019 before the pandemic.
Austria travel restrictions
Anyone entering the country after February 22 must present proof that they have recovered from Covid-19, along with a document indicating the date of recovery or proof of complete vaccination (at least two jabs) Alternately, travelers may show a negative PCR result (valid for 72-hours) or a positive antigen test (valid 24 hours).
The two-dose vaccines will not be valid once you are inside the country. However, it will allow you to enter bars, restaurants, and cultural events. A booster is required to gain entry to these venues after this point.
France travel restrictions
After 4 months, a booster must be obtained to validate France’s Vaccine Pass. (By also downloading the application TousAntiCovid), to allow entry to any cultural or public space, from the Louvre to your local cinema. This includes bars, restaurants, long-distance buses, trains and planes.
After 9 months, the booster must be obtained in order to enter the country. Pre-entry testing is not required for those who have been vaccinated.
Unvaccinated travellers can only enter the country from which they are from (currently, the EU, Schengen, and EU safe-list) for non-essential travel. They will need to pass a pre-departure screening, while those from the orange list (everywhere else), must give a reason for their travel.
Germany travel restrictions
According to The Telegraph if someone isn’t vaccinated, they can only travel if they are either a German citizen or the spouse, partner, or child of a German resident. They would have to be quarantined and could travel on Day 5 if they had a negative result.
Italy travel restrictions
Italy has relaxed its Covid-19 travel restrictions. Anyone arriving from outside the EU/EEA area will be subject to the exact same rules as those from within. According to a Ministry of Health, the new ordinance establishes the same rules for entry: a certificate of vaccination, a certificate of recovery, or if there is unforeseen circumstances.
Italy uses a Super Green Pass for access to restaurants and cultural events. To activate the pass, individuals must have been vaccinated and show proof of recovery.
Travel restrictions in the Netherlands
All travelers from the EU/EEA region are subject to an entry ban. However, people who have been vaccinated are exempted from this ban. All people coming from outside the EU/EEA region must show a negative test result. A digital certificate from the EU can be used to prove that someone is a citizen of another EU country.
Portugal travel restrictions
As Portugal eases its travel restrictions , both vaccinated people and those who are not vaccinated can now visit Portugal . A pre-departure vaccination is not required for EU/EEA citizens who have been vaccinated. Unvaccinated people can either enter with a negative PCR result within 72 hours or a positive lateral flow test within 48 hours.
The following countries are allowed to travel from non-essential locations: Brazil, Canada and the U.S.
They can present a certificate of vaccination or recovery certificate if they arrive from third-party countries by air or water. These travelers must present a vaccination or recovery certificate if they arrive on land.
Spain travel restrictions
Spain is now open to vaccinated visitors, EU residents, and anyone from an EU-safe-list country (Bahrain and Chile, China and Colombia, Indonesia, Peru, Qatar and South Korea), as well as the Special Administrative Regions of China, Hong Kong SAR, Macao SAR, and China itself, subject of reciprocity
Under-12s can enter freely. However, 12-18-year-olds must show proof of a negative pre entry test result, a SARS-CoV-2 molecular amplification test, NAAT, RT-PCR, or similar, within 72 hours before arrival.
Travel restrictions in England
England has announced that all Covid-19 restrictions within the country have been lifted and has significantly relaxed travel restrictions for new arrivals.
According to France24 the requirement to self-isolate people who have tested positive for Covid-19 has been removed from February 24, 2019. From Monday 28 February, passengers were able to complete the UK passenger locator form for up to three days before their arrival in the U.K.
All vaccinated arrivals are allowed to enter without any additional testing. Quarantine is not required. To enter the country, anyone who is not vaccinated must undergo a pre-departure screening and book a PCR test.